What is Dry Eye?
Dry eye syndrome is caused by a chronic lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture on the surface of the eye. Consequences of dry eyes range from subtle but constant eye irritation to significant inflammation and even scarring of the front surface of the eye.
Dry Eye Symptoms
Symptoms of dry eyes and dry eye syndrome include:
- Burning sensation
- Itchy eyes
- Aching sensations
- Heavy eyes
- Fatigued eyes
- Sore eyes
- Dryness sensation
- Red eyes
- Blurred vision
Another common symptom is something called a foreign body sensation — the feeling that grit or some other object or material is "in" your eye.
And as odd as it may sound, watery eyes also can be a symptom of dry eye syndrome. This is because dryness on the eye's surface sometimes will over-stimulate production of the watery component of your tears as a protective mechanism. But this "reflex tearing" does not stay on the eye long enough to correct the underlying dry eye condition.
In addition to these symptoms, dry eyes can cause inflammation and (sometimes permanent) damage to the surface of the eye.
How is Dry Eye treated?
A whole range of treatment options are available on the market. Eye drops to be applied regularly by the patient are the most commonly used. Specialized treatments such as Intense Pulse Light to stimulate the Meibomian glands functioning should be applied by a trained specialist. Please contact your ophthalmologist if you feel you are suffering from dry eyes to get the proper treatment advice